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Medical University of Graz

History

1863

Founding of the Graz Medical Faculty by Emperor Franz Josef I on 13 January.

Management of the Graz Regional Hospital as a university teaching hospital on 1 November.

Establishment of 11 chairs at the Medical Faculty.

Partial incorporation of the surgeon’s sanatorium.

11 chairs in the founding year:

  • Descriptive and topographic anatomy
  • Pathological anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Elective module: general pathology, therapy, pharmacology and pharmacognosy
  • Forensic medicine (state and forensic pharmacology)
  • Special medical pathology and therapy
  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Obstetrics and gynaecology
  • Pathological chemistry
  • Epidemiology and state veterinary service (hygiene)

Average number of students: 200 per year.

1870–1872

Appointment of a professorship in psychiatry and neurology - for the time being associated with the directorate of the Am Feldhof  provincial lunatic asylum.

Relocation of the institutes of anatomy and physiology to the first newly built building at the campus of the University of Graz in Harrachgasse.

1873–1874

Founding of the chair of microscopic anatomy (histology and embryology) and of the associate professorship and department of dermatology.

Nomination of the first reader in paediatrics.

1877–1880

Appointment of a full professor of pharmacology.

Introduction of an associate professor of experimental pathology.

1885–1887

Opening of the associate professorship of hygiene and founding of the Psychiatric Hospital.

Appointment of a professor of paediatrics.

1890–1893

Resolution of the Styrian state parliament to acquire the land of Graf Schönborn in St. Leonhard and Stifting for the construction of the Regional Hospital.

Opening of the Graz ENT department - only the eighth ENT department in the whole of the German-speaking region.

1895

Ceremonial opening of the new campus of the University of Graz.

The Institute of Hygiene is accommodated at Universitätsplatz 4.

1897–1899

First X-ray apparatus and first ECG at the hospital.

Theoretical medical subjects are combined at Universitätsplatz 4 (except for anatomy and physiology).

1900–1905

First ever admission of women to the Graz Medical Faculty.

First women students: Maria Schuhmeister and Octavia Aigner Rollett. Dr. Maria Schuhmeister is the first woman medical student in Austria to successfully complete her medical studies.

1907

Appointment of a chair of dental surgery. Dr. Octavia Aigner Rollett becomes the first practising woman doctor to open a practice in Graz.

1912

Opening of University Hospital Graz at Auenbruggerplatz. Relationships in patient care were brought up to date in keeping with the times.

Number of students is increased due to interest from foreign students.

First birth at University Hospital Graz on 3 July.  

1923

Nobel Prize in Chemistry awarded to Fritz Pregl.

1927

Nobel Prize in Medicine awarded to Julius Wagner von Jauregg.

1929

First habilitation treatise by a woman at the University of Graz: Angelika Börner-Patzelt, histology and embryology.

1936

Pharmacologist Otto Loewi is awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine.

1938

Otto Loewi flees to New York to the College of Medicine.

Dismissal and arrest of a large number of Jewish scientists.

1947–1948

Appointment of Carla Zawisch-Ossenitz as the first ever woman professor at the Medical Faculty and at the University of Graz for the subject of “histology and embryology.”

Hospital premises renamed as Auenbruggerplatz.

1950

Establishment of a special neurology ward.

1958

Establishment of a chair in medical radiology.

Founding of the Department of Radiology.

1969

Establishment of the Institute of Medical Biology and Human Genetics.

Relocation of the Department of Paediatrics from Mozartgasse to the new buildings in the hospital grounds.

1971–1976

Opening of the Department of Neurosurgery.

First chair for paediatric surgery in Austria.

1984–1990

Founding of the Institutes of Social Medicine, Medical Informatics, Statistics and Documentation.

Establishment of Departments of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Medicine, and the separation of Neurology and Psychiatry into two independent Departments.

1993–2001

Founding of the following departments: Departments of Trauma Surgery, Urology, Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Blood Group Serology and Transfusion Medicine, Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology as well as Orthopaedics and Orthopaedic Surgery.

Establishment of the Clinical Institute of Medical and Chemical Laboratory Diagnostics and start-up of the EBA (initial examination – observation – admission).

2002

Introduction of the new curriculum Human Medicine with hands-on training and teaching in small groups.

2003

Opening of the new entrance centre of University Hospital Graz.

2004

Founding of the Medical University of Graz on 1 January.

Inauguration of the founding Rector - Univ.-Prof. DDr. Gerhard Franz Walter.

Opening of the Centre for Medical Research (ZMF) including Library and Learning Centre.

Launch of Nursing Science studies programme.

2005

Award of the first honorary doctorate by the Medical University of Graz.

2006

Launch of a state-of-the-art MRI scanner research facility.

Opening of Bad Aussee Hospital for psychosomatic medicine and psychotherapy.

2007

Introduction of the compulsory clinical traineeship for general medicine.

Launch of the first international PhD programme and the first Ludwig Boltzmann Institute at Med Uni Graz.

2008

First international accreditation of human medicine and dental medicine of any Austrian medical university.

Inauguration of Rector Univ.-Prof. Dr. Josef Smolle.

First graduates from the new curriculum of human medicine.

2009

Opening of the first Clinical Skills Centre in Austria.

First Laura Bassi Centre of Expertise at Med Uni Graz.

2010

Launch of K-project BioPersMed.

The first Austrian university to be awarded the European Charter for Researchers.

2011

Signing of the cooperation agreement between KAGes and Med Uni Graz.

Establishment of the first Christian Doppler Laboratory.

Launch of the interuniversity platform BioTechMed.

Founding of the Styrian University Conference platform.

2012

University Hospital Graz celebrates its 100-year anniversary.

Unconditional certification of the QM system in all departments.

Research achievements triple since founding in 2004.

The first white coat ceremony in Austria is carried out.

2013

The Medical University of Graz celebrates 150 years of university medicine.

The first International Student Congress, ISC in Austria is organised.

Award of the state prize “Ars docendi” for excellence in teaching at Med Uni Graz.

Ground-breaking ceremony for the Module 1 building complex of the new MED CAMPUS.

Inauguration of the biobank network BBMRI at Med Uni Graz.

2014

The Medical University of Graz celebrates its 10-year anniversary.

Forward-looking training cooperation with Johannes Kepler University of Linz.

Unique teaching concept at the Medical University of Graz – the Emergency Room for student.

Opening of the Centre of Knowledge and Technology Transfer in Medicine (ZWT).

Establishment of a new K1 Centre of Competence for Biomarker Research (CB Med).

 

 

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