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Related Publications

Our research focuses on fetal behaviour, motor development in preterm, term and young infants (general movements), speech/language acquisition and literacy development as well as laterality in children who develop normally but also in children with genetic disorders (e.g. Rett syndromefragile X syndrome), autism spectrum disorder and acquired brain lesions.


Barbosa, VM; Smith, EV; Bos, A; Cioni, G; Ferrari, F; Guzzetta, A; Marschik, PB; Pansy, J; Urlesberger, B; Yang, H; Einspieler, C
Psychometric Properties of the General Movement Optimality Score using Rasch Measurement. J Appl Meas. 2020; 21(1):17-37

Burger, M; Hoosain, M; Einspieler, C; Unger, M; Niehaus, D
Maternal perinatal mental health and infant and toddler neurodevelopment - Evidence from low and middle-income countries. A systematic review. J Affect Disord. 2020; 268: 158-172

Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB
The developmental spectrum of prenatal Zika virus exposure. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2020;

Lang, S; Willmes, K; Marschik, PB; Zhang, D; Fox-Boyer, A
Prelexical phonetic and early lexical development in German-acquiring infants: canonical babbling and first spoken words. Clin Linguist Phon. 2020; 21(1):1-16


Boterberg, S; Charman, T; Marschik, PB; Bölte, S; Roeyers, H
Regression in autism spectrum disorder: A critical overview of retrospective findings and recommendations for future research. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2019; 102(7):24-55

Bölte, S; Girdler, S; Marschik, PB
The contribution of environmental exposure to the etiology of autism spectrum disorder. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2019; 76(7):1275-1297

Brósch-Fohraheim, N; Fuiko, R; Marschik, PB; Resch, B
The influence of preterm birth on expressive vocabulary at the age of 36 to 41 months. Medicine (Baltimore). 2019; 98(6): e14404-e14404

Einspieler, C; Bos, AF; Krieber-Tomantschger, M; Alvarado, E; Barbosa, VM; Bertoncelli, N; Burger, M; Chorna, O; Del Secco, S; DeRegnier, RA; Hüning, B; Ko, J; Lucaccioni, L; Maeda, T; Marchi, V; Martín, E; Morgan, C; Mutlu, A; Nogolová, A; Pansy, J; Peyton, C; Pokorny, FB; Prinsloo, LR; Ricci, E; Saini, L; Scheuchenegger, A; Silva, CRD; Soloveichick, M; Spittle, AJ; Toldo, M; Utsch, F; van Zyl, J; Viñals, C; Wang, J; Yang, H; Yardımcı-Lokmanoğlu, BN; Cioni, G; Ferrari, F; Guzzetta, A; Marschik, PB
Cerebral Palsy: Early Markers of Clinical Phenotype and Functional Outcome. J Clin Med. 2019; 8(10):

Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB
Regression in Rett syndrome: Developmental pathways to its onset. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2019; 98: 320-332

Einspieler, C; Utsch, F; Brasil, P; Panvequio Aizawa, CY; Peyton, C; Hydee Hasue, R; Françoso Genovesi, F; Damasceno, L; Moreira, ME; Adachi, K; Marschik, PB; Nielsen-Saines, K; GM Zika Working Group
Association of Infants Exposed to Prenatal Zika Virus Infection With Their Clinical, Neurologic, and Developmental Status Evaluated via the General Movement Assessment Tool. JAMA Netw Open. 2019; 2(1): e187235-e187235

Grossheinrich, N; Schulte-Körne, G; Marschik, PB; Kademann, S; von Suchodoletz, W; Sachse, S
School-age outcomes of late-talking toddlers: Long-term effects of an early lexical deficit. Dev Sci. 2019; 155(5):e12826-e12826

Kwong, AKL; Olsen, JE; Eeles, AL; Einspieler, C; Lee, KJ; Doyle, LW; Cheong, JLY; Spittle, AJ
Occurrence of and temporal trends in fidgety general movements in infants born extremely preterm/extremely low birthweight and term-born controls. Early Hum Dev. 2019; 135(4):11-15

Lang, S; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Pokorny, FB; Garrido, D; Mani, N; Fox-Boyer, AV; Zhang, D; Marschik, PB
Canonical Babbling: A Marker for Earlier Identification of Late Detected Developmental Disorders? Curr Dev Disord Rep. 2019; 6(3): 111-118

Marschik, PB; Bolte, S
Regression in Neurodevelopmental and Genetic Disorders NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV R. 2019; 107: A1-A1

Marschik, PB; Bölte, S
The enigma of regression in neurodevelopmental and genetic disorders: What have we learned? Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2019; 104(4):281-281

Marschik, PB; Tomantschger, I; Pokorny, FB; Tavčar, M; Sigafoos, J
On the lighter side: Medicine or etiquette? Rethinking a lecturer's teaching assignment. Dev Neurorehabil. 2019; 22(6):430-430

Nielsen-Saines, K; Brasil, P; Kerin, T; Vasconcelos, Z; Gabaglia, CR; Damasceno, L; Pone, M; Abreu de Carvalho, LM; Pone, SM; Zin, AA; Tsui, I; Salles, TRS; da Cunha, DC; Costa, RP; Malacarne, J; Reis, AB; Hasue, RH; Aizawa, CYP; Genovesi, FF; Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB; Pereira, JP; Gaw, SL; Adachi, K; Cherry, JD; Xu, Z; Cheng, G; Moreira, ME
Delayed childhood neurodevelopment and neurosensory alterations in the second year of life in a prospective cohort of ZIKV-exposed children. Nat Med. 2019; 25(8):1213-1217

Pansy, J; Barones, C; Urlesberger, B; Pokorny, FB; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Verheyen, S; Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C
Early motor and pre-linguistic verbal development in Prader-Willi syndrome - A case report. Res Dev Disabil. 2019; 88: 16-21

Pokorny, FB; Fiser, M; Graf, F; Marschik, PB; Schuller, BW
Sound and the City: Current Perspectives on Acoustic Geo-Sensing in Urban Environment ACTA ACUST UNITED AC. 2019; 105(5): 766-778

Roche, L; Carnett, A; Sigafoos, J; Stevens, M; O'Reilly, MF; Lancioni, GE; Marschik, PB
Using a Textual Prompt to Teach Multiword Requesting to Two Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Behav Modif. 2019; 43(6):819-840

Sigafoos, J; O'Reilly, MF; Ledbetter-Cho, K; Lim, N; Lancioni, GE; Marschik, PB
Addressing sequelae of developmental regression associated with developmental disabilities: A systematic review of behavioral and educational intervention studies. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2019; 96:56-71

Zhang, D; Bedogni, F; Boterberg, S; Camfield, C; Camfield, P; Charman, T; Curfs, L; Einspieler, C; Esposito, G; De Filippis, B; Goin-Kochel, RP; Höglinger, GU; Holzinger, D; Iosif, AM; Lancioni, GE; Landsberger, N; Laviola, G; Marco, EM; Müller, M; Neul, JL; Nielsen-Saines, K; Nordahl-Hansen, A; O'Reilly, MF; Ozonoff, S; Poustka, L; Roeyers, H; Rankovic, M; Sigafoos, J; Tammimies, K; Townend, GS; Zwaigenbaum, L; Zweckstetter, M; Bölte, S; Marschik, PB
Towards a consensus on developmental regression. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2019; 107:3-5

Zhang, D; Krieber-Tomantschger, I; Poustka, L; Roeyers, H; Sigafoos, J; Bölte, S; Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C
Identifying Atypical Development: A Role of Day-Care Workers? J Autism Dev Disord. 2019; 49(9):3685-3694


Berggren, S; Fletcher-Watson, S; Milenkovic, N; Marschik, PB; Bölte, S; Jonsson, U
Emotion recognition training in autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review of challenges related to generalizability. Dev Neurorehabil. 2018; 21(3):141-154

Bertoncelli, N; Lucaccioni, L; Ori, L; Einspieler, C; Prechtl, HFR; Ferrari, F
Shifting of the body center of gravity in low-risk preterm infants: A video-pedoscope study. Early Hum Dev. 2018; 124: 33-37

Bolte, S; Tomalski, P; Marschik, PB; Berggren, S; Norberg, J; Falck-Ytter, T; Pokorska, O; Jones, EJH; Charman, T; Roeyers, H; Kostrzewa, E
Challenges and Inequalities of Opportunities in European Psychiatry Research The Example of Psychodiagnostic Tool Availability in Research on Early Autism Identification EUR J PSYCHOL ASSESS. 2018; 34(4): 270-277

Hempenius, MA; Verhagen, EA; Tanis, JC; Einspieler, C; Bos, AF
Early neonatal morbidities and neurological functioning of preterm infants 2 weeks after birth. J Perinatol. 2018; 38(11):1518-1525

Lopes Moreira, ME; Nielsen-Saines, K; Brasil, P; Kerin, T; Damasceno, L; Pone, M; Carvalho, LMA; Pone, SM; Vasconcelos, Z; Ribeiro, IP; Zin, AA; Tsui, I; Adachi, K; Gaw, SL; Halai, UA; Salles, TS; da Cunha, DC; Bonaldo, MC; Raja Gabaglia, C; Guida, L; Malacarne, J; Costa, RP; Gomes, SC; Reis, AB; Soares, FVM; Hasue, RH; Aizawa, CYP; Genovesi, FF; Aibe, M; Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB; Pereira, JP; Portari, EA; Janzen, C; Cherry, JD
Neurodevelopment in Infants Exposed to Zika Virus In Utero. N Engl J Med. 2018; 379(24): 2377-2379

Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C
Of pioneers and advancements related to general movement assessment. Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2018; 22(4): 584-585

Marschik, PB; Lemcke, S; Einspieler, C; Zhang, D; Bölte, S; Townend, GS; Lauritsen, MB
Early development in Rett syndrome - the benefits and difficulties of a birth cohort approach. Dev Neurorehabil. 2018; 21(1):68-72

Olsen, J; Marschik, P; Spittle, A
Do fidgety general movements predict cerebral palsy and cognitive outcome in clinical follow-up of very preterm infants? Acta Paediatr. 2018; 107(2):361-362

Peyton, C; Einspieler, C
General Movements: A Behavioral Biomarker of Later Motor and Cognitive Dysfunction in NICU Graduates. PEDIATR ANN. 2018; 47(4): e159-e164-e159-e164

Pokorny, FB; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Einspieler, C; Zhang, D; Vollmann, R; Bölte, S; Gugatschka, M; Schuller, BW; Marschik, PB
Typical vs. atypical: Combining auditory Gestalt perception and acoustic analysis of early vocalisations in Rett syndrome. Res Dev Disabil. 2018; 82(6):109-119

Ricci, E; Einspieler, C; Craig, AK
Feasibility of Using the General Movements Assessment of Infants in the United States. Phys Occup Ther Pediatr. 2018; 38(3): 269-279

Roche, L; Zhang, D; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Pokorny, FB; Schuller, BW; Esposito, G; Bölte, S; Roeyers, H; Poustka, L; Gugatschka, M; Waddington, H; Vollmann, R; Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB
Early Vocal Development in Autism Spectrum Disorder, Rett Syndrome, and Fragile X Syndrome: Insights from Studies using Retrospective Video Analysis. Adv Neurodev Disord. 2018; 2(1): 49-61

Sigafoos, J; Marschik, PB
Commentary on &quotIntensive toilet training targeting defecation for a child with autism spectrum disorder&quot (Sutherland, Carnett, van der Meer, Waddington, Bravo, & McLay, 2018) RES PRACT INTELLECT. 2018; 5(1): 98-102

Sigafoos, J; Roche, L; Stevens, M; Waddington, H; Carnett, A; van der Meer, L; O'Reilly, MF; Lancioni, GE; Schlosser, RW; Marschik, PB
Teaching two children with autism spectrum disorder to use a speech-generating device RES PRACT INTELLECT. 2018; 5(1): 75-86

Tomantschger, I; Herrero, D; Einspieler, C; Hamamura, C; Voos, MC; Marschik, PB
The general movement assessment in non-European low- and middle-income countries. Rev Saude Publica. 2018; 52: 6-6

Zhang, D; Poustka, L; Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C
The onset of hand stereotypies in fragile X syndrome. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2018; 60(10): 1060-1061.

Zhang, D; Roche, L; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Krieber, M; McLay, L; Bölte, S; Poustka, L; Sigafoos, J; Gugatschka, M; Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB
Response to name and its value for the early detection of developmental disorders: Insights from autism spectrum disorder, Rett syndrome, and fragile X syndrome. A perspectives paper. Res Dev Disabil. 2018; 82(6):95-108


Herrero, D; Einspieler, C; Panvequio Aizawa, CY; Mutlu, A; Yang, H; Nogolová, A; Pansy, J; Nielsen-Saines, K; Marschik, PB; GenGM Study Group
The motor repertoire in 3- to 5-month old infants with Down syndrome. Res Dev Disabil. 2017; 67(7):1-8

Jonsson, U; Alaie, I; Löfgren Wilteus, A; Zander, E; Marschik, PB; Coghill, D; Bölte, S
Annual Research Review: Quality of life and childhood mental and behavioural disorders - a critical review of the research. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2017; 58(4):439-469

Krieber, M; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Pokorny, FB; Zhang, D; Landerl, K; Körner, C; Pernkopf, F; Pock, T; Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB
Eye Movements during Silent and Oral Reading in a Regular Orthography: Basic Characteristics and Correlations with Childhood Cognitive Abilities and Adolescent Reading Skills. PLoS One. 2017; 12(2):e0170986-e0170986

Libertus, K; Libertus, ME; Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB
"What" matters more than "Why" - Neonatal behaviors initiate social responses. Behav Brain Sci. 2017; 40(6):e394-e394

Novak, I; Morgan, C; Adde, L; Blackman, J; Boyd, RN; Brunstrom-Hernandez, J; Cioni, G; Damiano, D; Darrah, J; Eliasson, AC; de Vries, LS; Einspieler, C; Fahey, M; Fehlings, D; Ferriero, DM; Fetters, L; Fiori, S; Forssberg, H; Gordon, AM; Greaves, S; Guzzetta, A; Hadders-Algra, M; Harbourne, R; Kakooza-Mwesige, A; Karlsson, P; Krumlinde-Sundholm, L; Latal, B; Loughran-Fowlds, A; Maitre, N; McIntyre, S; Noritz, G; Pennington, L; Romeo, DM; Shepherd, R; Spittle, AJ; Thornton, M; Valentine, J; Walker, K; White, R; Badawi, N
Early, Accurate Diagnosis and Early Intervention in Cerebral Palsy: Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment. JAMA Pediatr. 2017; 171(9):897-907

Marschik, PB; Pokorny, FB; Peharz, R; Zhang, D; O'Muircheartaigh, J; Roeyers, H; Bölte, S; Spittle, AJ; Urlesberger, B; Schuller, B; Poustka, L; Ozonoff, S; Pernkopf, F; Pock, T; Tammimies, K; Enzinger, C; Krieber, M; Tomantschger, I; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Sigafoos, J; Roche, L; Esposito, G; Gugatschka, M; Nielsen-Saines, K; Einspieler, C; Kaufmann, WE; BEE-PRI Study Group
A Novel Way to Measure and Predict Development: A Heuristic Approach to Facilitate the Early Detection of Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2017; 17(5):43-43

Marschik, PB; Zhang, DJ; Esposito, G; Bolte, S; Einspieler, C; Sigafoos, J
Same or different: Common pathways of behavioral biomarkers in infants and children with neurodevelopmental disorders? BEHAV BRAIN SCI. 2017; 40: e64

McLay, L; Schafer, MCM; van der Meer, L; Couper, L; McKenzie, E; O'Reilly, MF; Lancioni, GE; Marschik, PB; Sigafoos, J; Sutherland, D;
Acquisition, Preference and Follow-up Comparison Across Three AAC Modalities Taught to Two Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. INT J DISABIL DEV EDUC. 2017; 64(2): 117-130

O'Leary, HM; Marschik, PB; Khwaja, OS; Ho, E; Barnes, KV; Clarkson, TW; Bruck, NM; Kaufmann, WE
Detecting autonomic response to pain in Rett syndrome. Dev Neurorehabil. 2017; 20(2):108-114

Peharz, R; Gens, R; Pernkopf, F; Domingos, P
On the Latent Variable Interpretation in Sum-Product Networks. IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell. 2017; 39(10):2030-2044

Peyton, C; Yang, E; Msall, ME; Adde, L; Støen, R; Fjørtoft, T; Bos, AF; Einspieler, C; Zhou, Y; Schreiber, MD; Marks, JD; Drobyshevsky, A
White Matter Injury and General Movements in High-Risk Preterm Infants. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2017; 38(1):162-169

Salavati, S; Einspieler, C; Vagelli, G; Zhang, D; Pansy, J; Burgerhof, JGM; Marschik, PB; Bos, AF
The association between the early motor repertoire and language development in term children born after normal pregnancy. Early Hum Dev. 2017; 111(1):30-35

Setoh, P; Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C; Esposito, G
Autism spectrum disorder and early motor abnormalities: Connected or coincidental companions? Res Dev Disabil. 2017; 60(1):13-15

Zhang, D; Kaufmann, WE; Sigafoos, J; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Krieber, M; Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C
Parents' initial concerns about the development of their children later diagnosed with fragile X syndrome. J Intellect Dev Disabil. 2017; 42(2):114-122


Bölte, S; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Jonsson, U; Berggren, S; Zhang, D; Kostrzewa, E; Falck-Ytter, T; Einspieler, C; Pokorny, FB; Jones, EJ; Roeyers, H; Charman, T; Marschik, PB
How can clinicians detect and treat autism early? Methodological trends of technology use in research. Acta Paediatr. 2016; 105(2):137-144

Brasil, P; Pereira, JP; Moreira, ME; Ribeiro Nogueira, RM; Damasceno, L; Wakimoto, M; Rabello, RS; Valderramos, SG; Halai, UA; Salles, TS; Zin, AA; Horovitz, D; Daltro, P; Boechat, M; Raja Gabaglia, C; Carvalho de Sequeira, P; Pilotto, JH; Medialdea-Carrera, R; Cotrim da Cunha, D; Abreu de Carvalho, LM; Pone, M; Machado Siqueira, A; Calvet, GA; Rodrigues Baião, AE; Neves, ES; Nassar de Carvalho, PR; Hasue, RH; Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C; Janzen, C; Cherry, JD; Bispo de Filippis, AM; Nielsen-Saines, K
Zika Virus Infection in Pregnant Women in Rio de Janeiro. N Engl J Med. 2016; 375(24):2321-2334

Einspieler, C; Bos, AF; Libertus, ME; Marschik, PB
The General Movement Assessment Helps Us to Identify Preterm Infants at Risk for Cognitive Dysfunction. Front Psychol. 2016; 7(5):406-406

Einspieler, C; Freilinger, M; Marschik, PB
Behavioural biomarkers of typical Rett syndrome: moving towards early identification. Wien Med Wochenschr. 2016; 166(11-12):333-337

Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB; Pansy, J; Scheuchenegger, A; Krieber, M; Yang, H; Kornacka, MK; Rowinska, E; Soloveichick, M; Bos, AF
The general movement optimality score: a detailed assessment of general movements during preterm and term age. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2016; 58(4):361-368

Einspieler, C; Peharz, R; Marschik, PB
Fidgety movements - tiny in appearance, but huge in impact. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2016; 92(3 Suppl 1):S64-S70

Ferrari, F; Frassoldati, R; Berardi, A; Di Palma, F; Ori, L; Lucaccioni, L; Bertoncelli, N; Einspieler, C
The ontogeny of fidgety movements from 4 to 20weeks post-term age in healthy full-term infants. Early Hum Dev. 2016; 103(24):219-224

Freilinger, M; Marschik, PB
50 years of Rett syndrome, 1966-2016 : From parents to clinicians to scientists, and for parents, clinicians, and scientist. Wien Med Wochenschr. 2016; 166(11-12): 321-321

Krieber, M; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Pokorny, FB; Einspieler, C; Langmann, A; Körner, C; Falck-Ytter, T; Marschik, PB
The Relation between Reading Skills and Eye Movement Patterns in Adolescent Readers: Evidence from a Regular Orthography. PLoS One. 2016; 11(1):e0145934-e0145934

Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C; Sigafoos, J; Enzinger, C; Bölte, S
The interdisciplinary quest for behavioral biomarkers pinpointing developmental disorders. Dev Neurorehabil. 2016; 19(2):73-74

Olsen, JE; Brown, NC; Eeles, AL; Einspieler, C; Lee, KJ; Thompson, DK; Anderson, PJ; Cheong, JL; Doyle, LW; Spittle, AJ
Early general movements and brain magnetic resonance imaging at term-equivalent age in infants born <30weeks' gestation. Early Hum Dev. 2016; 101(39):63-68

Peyton, C; Yang, E; Kocherginsky, M; Adde, L; Fjørtoft, T; Støen, R; Bos, AF; Einspieler, C; Schreiber, MD; Msall, ME
Relationship between white matter pathology and performance on the General Movement Assessment and the Test of Infant Motor Performance in very preterm infants. Early Hum Dev. 2016; 95(10):23-27

Raith, W; Marschik, PB; Sommer, C; Maurer-Fellbaum, U; Amhofer, C; Avian, A; Löwenstein, E; Soral, S; Müller, W; Einspieler, C; Urlesberger, B
General Movements in preterm infants undergoing craniosacral therapy: a randomised controlled pilot-trial. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2016; 16(1):12-12

Salomone, E; Beranová, Š; Bonnet-Brilhault, F; Briciet Lauritsen, M; Budisteanu, M; Buitelaar, J; Canal-Bedia, R; Felhosi, G; Fletcher-Watson, S; Freitag, C; Fuentes, J; Gallagher, L; Garcia Primo, P; Gliga, F; Gomot, M; Green, J; Heimann, M; Jónsdóttir, SL; Kaale, A; Kawa, R; Kylliainen, A; Lemcke, S; Markovska-Simoska, S; Marschik, PB; McConachie, H; Moilanen, I; Muratori, F; Narzisi, A; Noterdaeme, M; Oliveira, G; Oosterling, I; Pijl, M; Pop-Jordanova, N; Poustka, L; Roeyers, H; Rogé, B; Sinzig, J; Vicente, A; Warreyn, P; Charman, T
Use of early intervention for young children with autism spectrum disorder across Europe. Autism. 2016; 20(2):233-249

Schäfer, MC; Sutherland, D; McLay, L; Achmadi, D; van der Meer, L; Sigafoos, J; Lancioni, GE; O'Reilly, MF; Schlosser, RW; Marschik, PB
Research note: attitudes of teachers and undergraduate students regarding three augmentative and alternative communication modalities. Augment Altern Commun. 2016; 32(4):312-319

Spittle, AJ; Olsen, J; Kwong, A; Doyle, LW; Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C; Cheong, J
The Baby Moves prospective cohort study protocol: using a smartphone application with the General Movements Assessment to predict neurodevelopmental outcomes at age 2 years for extremely preterm or extremely low birthweight infants. BMJ Open. 2016; 6(10):e013446-e013446

Townend, GS; Marschik, PB; Smeets, E; van de Berg, R; van den Berg, M; Curfs, LM
Eye Gaze Technology as a Form of Augmentative and Alternative Communication for Individuals with Rett Syndrome: Experiences of Families in The Netherlands. J Dev Phys Disabil. 2016; 28(3):101-112

Zang, FF; Yang, H; Han, Q; Cao, JY; Tomantschger, I; Krieber, M; Shi, W; Luo, DD; Zhu, M; Einspieler, C
Very low birth weight infants in China: the predictive value of the motor repertoire at 3 to 5months for the motor performance at 12months. Early Hum Dev. 2016; 100(3):27-32


Achmadi, D; van der Meer, L; Sigafoos, J; Lancioni, GE; O'Reilly, MF; Lang, R; Schlosser, RW; Hodis, F; Green, VA; Sutherland, D; McLay, L; Marschik, PB
Undergraduates' perceptions of three augmentative and alternative communication modes. Dev Neurorehabil. 2015; 18(1):22-25

Einspieler, C; Yang, H; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Chi, X; Zang, FF; Marschik, PB; Guzzetta, A; Ferrari, F; Bos, AF; Cioni, G
Are sporadic fidgety movements as clinically relevant as is their absence? Early Hum Dev. 2015; 91(4):247-252

Kauschke, C; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Marschik, PB; Vollmann, R
The Vocabulary in Narratives An Investigation of Lexical Skills during Story-telling in Children with and without Language Impairment SPRACHE-STIMME-GEHOR. 2015; 39(3): 149-+.

Lev-Enacab, O; Sher-Censor, E; Einspieler, C; Daube-Fishman, G; Beni-Shrem, S
The Quality of Spontaneous Movements of Preterm Infants: Associations with the Quality of Mother-Infant Interaction INFANCY. 2015; 20(6): 634-660

Marschik, PB; Soloveichick, M; Windpassinger, C; Einspieler, C
General movements in genetic disorders: A first look into Cornelia de Lange syndrome. Dev Neurorehabil. 2015; 18(4):280-282

McLay, L; van der Meer, L; Schafer, MCM; Couper, L; McKenzie, E; O'Reilly, MF; Lancioni, GE; Marschik, PB; Green, VA; Sigafoos, J; Sutherland, D
Comparing Acquisition, Generalization, Maintenance, and Preference Across Three AAC Options in Four Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder J DEV PHYS DISABIL. 2015; 27(3): 323-339

Pinter, D; Khalil, M; Pichler, A; Langkammer, C; Ropele, S; Marschik, PB; Fuchs, S; Fazekas, F; Enzinger, C
Predictive value of different conventional and non-conventional MRI-parameters for specific domains of cognitive function in multiple sclerosis. Neuroimage Clin. 2015; 7(4):715-720

Townend, GS; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Sigafoos, J; Curfs, LM; Bölte, S; Poustka, L; Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB
Comparing social reciprocity in preserved speech variant and typical Rett syndrome during the early years of life. Res Dev Disabil. 2015; 43-44(8):80-86

van der Meer, L; Achmadi, D; Cooijmans, M; Didden, R; Lancioni, GE; O'Reilly, MF; Roche, L; Stevens, M; Carnett, A; Hodis, F; Green, VA; Sutherland, D; Lang, R; Rispoli, M; Marschik, PB; Sigafoos, J
An iPad-Based Intervention for Teaching Picture and Word Matching to a Student with ASD and Severe Communication Impairment J DEV PHYS DISABIL. 2015; 27(1): 67-78

Zappella, M; Einspieler, C; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Krieber, M; Coleman, M; Bölte, S; Marschik, PB
What do home videos tell us about early motor and socio-communicative behaviours in children with autistic features during the second year of life--An exploratory study. Early Hum Dev. 2015; 91(10):569-575

Zohrer, M; Peharz, R; Pernkopf, F;
Representation Learning for Single-Channel Source Separation and Bandwidth Extension. IEEE-ACM TRANS AUDIO SPEECH L. 2015; 23(12): 2398-2409


Achmadi, D; Sigafoos, J; van der Meer, L; Sutherland, D; Lancioni, GE; O'Reilly, MF; Hodis, F; Green, VA; McLay, L; Marschik, PB;
Acquisition, Preference, and Follow-up Data on the Use of Three AAC Options by Four Boys with Developmental Disability/Delay. J DEV PHYS DISABILITIES. 2014; 26(5): 565-583

Breen, D; Shorten, G; Aboulafia, A; Zhang, D; Hockemeyer, C; Albert, D
Defining a competency map for a practical skill. Clin Teach. 2014; 11(7):531-536

Couper, L; van der Meer, L; Schäfer, MC; McKenzie, E; McLay, L; O'Reilly, MF; Lancioni, GE; Marschik, PB; Sigafoos, J; Sutherland, D
Comparing acquisition of and preference for manual signs, picture exchange, and speech-generating devices in nine children with autism spectrum disorder. Dev Neurorehabil. 2014; 17(2):99-109

Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB
A physiological approach to motor development within and across domains. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2014; 56(9):803-804

Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB; Bos, AF; Ferrari, F; Cioni, G
Heinz F. R. Prechtl, 1927-2014 crossing the borders. Dev Psychobiol. 2014; 56(7): 1609-1611

Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB; Domingues, W; Talisa, VB; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Wolin, T; Sigafoos, J
Monozygotic twins with Rett syndrome: Phenotyping the first two years of life. J Dev Phys Disabil. 2014; 26(2):171-182

Einspieler, C; Sigafoos, J; Bölte, S; Bratl-Pokorny, KD; Landa, R; Marschik, PB
Highlighting the first 5 months of life: General movements in infants later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder or Rett Syndrome. Res Autism Spectr Disord. 2014; 8(3):286-291

Libertus, ME; Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C
Number word use in toddlerhood is associated with number recall performance at seven years of age. PLoS One. 2014; 9(6):e98573-e98573

Marschik, PB
The pivotal role of parents in documenting early development. N Am J Med Sci. 2014; 6(1):48-49

Marschik, PB; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Pokorny, F; Einspieler, C;
En route to disentangle early behavioral abnormalities as early markers for maldevelopment: learning from Rett syndrome. J APPL RES INTELLECT DISABIL. 2014; 27(4):309-309

Marschik, PB; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Sigafoos, J; Urlesberger, L; Pokorny, F; Didden, R; Einspieler, C; Kaufmann, WE
Development of socio-communicative skills in 9- to 12-month-old individuals with fragile X syndrome. Res Dev Disabil. 2014; 35(3):597-602

Marschik, PB; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Tager-Flusberg, H; Kaufmann, WE; Pokorny, F; Grossmann, T; Windpassinger, C; Petek, E; Einspieler, C
Three different profiles: early socio-communicative capacities in typical Rett syndrome, the preserved speech variant and normal development. Dev Neurorehabil. 2014; 17(1):34-38

Marschik, PB; Kaufmann, WE; Bolte, S; Sigafoos, J; Einspieler, C
En route to disentangle the impact and neurobiological substrates of early vocalizations: Learning from Rett syndrome BEHAV BRAIN SCI. 2014; 37(6):

Marschik, PB; Vollmann, R; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Green, VA; van der Meer, L; Wolin, T; Einspieler, C
Developmental profile of speech-language and communicative functions in an individual with the preserved speech variant of Rett syndrome. Dev Neurorehabil. 2014; 17(4):284-290

Roche, L; Sigafoos, J; Lancioni, GE; O'Reilly, MF; Green, VA; Sutherland, D; van der Meer, L; Schlosser, RW; Marschik, PB; Edrisinha, CD
Tangible Symbols as an AAC Option for Individuals with Developmental Disabilities: A Systematic Review of Intervention Studies. Augment Altern Commun. 2014; 55(4):

Roche, L; Sigafoos, J; Lancioni, GE; O'Reilly, MF; Schlosser, RW; Stevens, M; van der Meer, L; Achmadi, D; Kagohara, D; James, R; Carnett, A; Hodis, F; Green, VA; Sutherland, D; Lang, R; Rispoli, M; Machalicek, W; Marschik, PB
An evaluation of speech production in two boys with neurodevelopmental disorders who received communication intervention with a speech-generating device. Int J Dev Neurosci. 2014; 38(2):10-16

Roche, L; Sigafoos, J; Lancioni, GE; O'Reilly, MF; van der Meer, L; Achmadi, D; Green, VA; Kagohara, D; Sutherland, D; Rayner, C; Marschik, PB
Comparing Tangible Symbols, Picture Exchange, and a Direct Selection Response for Enabling Two Boys with Developmental Disabilities to Access Preferred Stimuli J DEV PHYS DISABIL. 2014; 26(3): 249-261

Sutherland, D; van der Meer, L; Sigafoos, J; Mirfin-Veitch, B; Milner, P; O'Reilly, MF; Lancioni, GE; Marschik, PB;
Survey of AAC Needs for Adults with Intellectual Disability in New Zealand. J DEV PHYS DISABILITIES. 2014; 26(1): 115-122

van der Meer, L; Sigafoos, J; Sutherland, D; McLay, L; Lang, R; Lancioni, GE; O'Reilly, MF; Marschik, PB
Preference-Enhanced Communication Intervention and Development of Social Communicative Functions in a Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder CLIN CASE STUD. 2014; 13(3): 282-295

Waddington, H; Sigafoos, J; Lancioni, GE; O'Reilly, MF; van der Meer, L; Carnett, A; Stevens, M; Roche, L; Hodis, F; Green, VA; Sutherland, D; Lang, R; Marschik, PB
Three children with autism spectrum disorder learn to perform a three-step communication sequence using an iPad®-based speech-generating device. Int J Dev Neurosci. 2014; 39(9):59-67


Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Marschik, PB; Sachse, S; Green, VA; Zhang, D; Van Der Meer, L; Wolin, T; Einspieler, C
Tracking development from early speech-language acquisition to reading skills at age 13. Dev Neurorehabil. 2013; 16(3):188-195

Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Marschik, PB; Sigafoos, J; Tager-Flusberg, H; Kaufmann, WE; Grossmann, T; Einspieler, C
Early socio-communicative forms and functions in typical Rett syndrome. Res Dev Disabil. 2013; 34(10):3133-3138

Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Pokorny, F; Bolte, S; Langmann, A; Falck-Ytter, T; Wolin, T; Einspieler, C; Sigafoos, J; Marschik, PB
Eye Tracking in Basic Research and Clinical Practice KLIN NEUROPHYSIOL. 2013; 44(3): 193-198.

Bölte, S; Marschik, PB; Falck-Ytter, T; Charman, T; Roeyers, H; Elsabbagh, M
Infants at risk for autism: a European perspective on current status, challenges and opportunities. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2013; 22(6):341-348

Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB
Complementary thinking: future perspectives on the assessment of general movements. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2013; 55(8):682-683

Hinton, R; Budimirovic, DB; Marschik, PB; Talisa, VB; Einspieler, C; Gipson, T; Johnston, MV
Parental reports on early language and motor milestones in fragile X syndrome with and without autism spectrum disorders. Dev Neurorehabil. 2013; 16(1):58-66

Kagohara, DM; Achmadi, D; van der Meer, L; Lancioni, GE; O'Reilly, MF; Lang, R; Marschik, PB; Sutherland, D; Ramdoss, S; Green, VA; Sigafoos, J
Teaching Two Students with Asperger Syndrome to Greet Adults Using Social Stories((TM)) and Video Modeling J DEV PHYS DISABIL. 2013; 25(2): 241-251.

Kagohara, DM; van der Meer, L; Ramdoss, S; O'Reilly, MF; Lancioni, GE; Davis, TN; Rispoli, M; Lang, R; Marschik, PB; Sutherland, D; Green, VA; Sigafoos, J
Using iPods(®) and iPads(®) in teaching programs for individuals with developmental disabilities: a systematic review. Res Dev Disabil. 2013; 34(1):147-156

Marschik, PB; Kaufmann, WE; Sigafoos, J; Wolin, T; Zhang, D; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Pini, G; Zappella, M; Tager-Flusberg, H; Einspieler, C; Johnston, MV
Changing the perspective on early development of Rett syndrome. Res Dev Disabil. 2013; 34(4):1236-1239

Palchik, AB; Einspieler, C; Evstafeyeva, IV; Talisa, VB; Marschik, PB
Intra-uterine exposure to maternal opiate abuse and HIV: The impact on the developing nervous system. Early Hum Dev. 2013; 89(4):229-235

Sigafoos, J; Lancioni, GE; O'Reilly, MF; Achmadi, D; Stevens, M; Roche, L; Kagohara, DM; van der Meer, L; Sutherland, D; Lang, R; Marschik, PB; McLay, L; Hodis, F; Green, VA;
Teaching two boys with autism spectrum disorders to request the continuation of toy play using an iPad (R)-based speech-generating device. RES AUTISM SPECTR DISORD. 2013; 7(8): 923-930.

van der Meer, L; Kagohara, D; Roche, L; Sutherland, D; Balandin, S; Green, VA; O'Reilly, MF; Lancioni, GE; Marschik, PB; Sigafoos, J
Teaching multi-step requesting and social communication to two children with autism spectrum disorders with three AAC options. Augment Altern Commun. 2013; 29(3):222-234


Achmadi, D; Kagohara, DM; van der Meer, L; O'Reilly, MF; Lancioni, GE; Sutherland, D; Lang, R; Marschik, PB; Green, VA; Sigafoos, J
Teaching advanced operation of an iPod-based speech-generating device to two students with autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. 2012; 6(4): 1258-1264.

Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Theoharidou, C; Dreu, M; Vogrinec, G; Pokorny, F; Talisa, VB; Feigl, G; Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB;
Bilingualism: A Challenge for the Developing Brain. KLIN NEUROPHYSIOL. 2012; 43(3): 196-202.

Einspieler, C; Hirota, H; Yuge, M; Dejima, S; Marschik, PB
Early behavioural manifestation of Smith-Magenis syndrome (del 17p11.2) in a 4-month-old boy. Dev Neurorehabil. 2012; 15(4):313-316

Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB
Central Pattern Generators and Their Significance for the Foetal Motor Function KLIN NEUROPHYSIOL. 2012; 43(1): 16-21.

Eriksson, M; Marschik, PB; Tulviste, T; Almgren, M; Pérez Pereira, M; Wehberg, S; Marjanovič-Umek, L; Gayraud, F; Kovacevic, M; Gallego, C
Differences between girls and boys in emerging language skills: evidence from 10 language communities. Br J Dev Psychol. 2012; 30(Pt 2):326-343

Kagohara, DM; van der Meer, L; Achmadi, D; Green, VA; O'Reilly, MF; Lancioni, GE; Sutherland, D; Lang, R; Marschik, PB; Sigafoos, J
Teaching picture naming to two adolescents with autism spectrum disorders using systematic instruction and speech-generating devices RES AUTISM SPECT DIS. 2012; 6(3): 1224-1233.

Manacero, SA; Marschik, PB; Nunes, ML; Einspieler, C
Is it possible to predict the infant's neurodevelopmental outcome at 14 months of age by means of a single preterm assessment of General Movements? Early Hum Dev. 2012; 88(1):39-43

Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C; Sigafoos, J
Contributing to the early detection of Rett syndrome: the potential role of auditory Gestalt perception. Res Dev Disabil. 2012; 33(2):461-466

Marschik, PB; Kaufmann, WE; Einspieler, C; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Wolin, T; Pini, G; Budimirovic, DB; Zappella, M; Sigafoos, J
Profiling early socio-communicative development in five young girls with the preserved speech variant of Rett syndrome. Res Dev Disabil. 2012; 33(6):1749-1756

Marschik, PB; Pini, G; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Duckworth, M; Gugatschka, M; Vollmann, R; Zappella, M; Einspieler, C
Early speech-language development in females with Rett syndrome: focusing on the preserved speech variant. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2012; 54(5):451-456

Marschik, PB; Sigafoos, J; Kaufmann, WE; Wolin, T; Talisa, VB; Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Budimirovic, DB; Vollmann, R; Einspieler, C
Peculiarities in the gestural repertoire: an early marker for Rett syndrome? Res Dev Disabil. 2012; 33(6):1715-1721

Peharz, R; Pernkopf, F
Neurocomputing. 2012; 80(1):38-46

Siegmuller, J; Ringmann, S; Strutzmann, E; Beier, J; Marschik, PB;
A Crucial Marker for Specific Language Impairment at the Preschool Age: Narrative Competence. SPRACHE-STIMME-GEHOR. 2012; 36(3): e65-e75.

Yang, H; Einspieler, C; Shi, W; Marschik, PB; Wang, Y; Cao, Y; Li, H; Liao, YG; Shao, XM
Cerebral palsy in children: Movements and postures during early infancy, dependent on preterm vs. full term birth. Early Hum Dev. 2012; 88(10):837-843


Bartl-Pokorny, KD; Landerl, K; Einspieler, C; Enzinger, C; Gebauer, D; Fink, A; Zhang, D; Kozel, N; Kargl, R; Preisler, AS; Vollmann, R; Marschik, PB
Dyslexia and its Neural Signature KLIN NEUROPHYSIOL. 2011; 42(3): 166-171.

Einspieler, C
Birthweight discordance does not necessarily equal growth restriction. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2011; 53(9):777-778

Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C
Methodological note: video analysis of the early development of Rett syndrome--one method for many disciplines. Dev Neurorehabil. 2011; 14(6):355-357

Marschik, PB; Lanator, I; Freilinger, M; Prechtl, HFR; Einspieler, C
Early Signs and Later Neurophysiological Correlates of Rett Syndrome KLIN NEUROPHYSIOL. 2011; 42(1): 22-26.

Yuge, M; Marschik, PB; Nakajima, Y; Yamori, Y; Kanda, T; Hirota, H; Yoshida, N; Einspieler, C
Movements and postures of infants aged 3 to 5months: To what extent is their optimality related to perinatal events and to the neurological outcome? Early Hum Dev. 2011; 87(3): 231-237.


Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB; Prechtl, HF
What do early childhood movements tell us? Kinderkrankenschwester. 2010; 29(9): 389-392.

Neul, JL; Kaufmann, WE; Glaze, DG; Christodoulou, J; Clarke, AJ; Bahi-Buisson, N; Leonard, H; Bailey, ME; Schanen, NC; Zappella, M; Renieri, A; Huppke, P; Percy, AK; RettSearch Consortium
Rett syndrome: revised diagnostic criteria and nomenclature. Ann Neurol. 2010; 68(6):944-950

Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C; Prechtl, HF; Oberle, A; Laccone, F
Relabelling the preserved speech variant of Rett syndrome?. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2010; 52(2): 218-218.

Sommer, C; Raith, W; Amhofer, C; Marschik, P; Einspieler, C; Urlesberger, B
Craniosacral therapy as an environmental stimulation in preterm infants. KLIN PADIAT. 2010; 222: S75-S75.-36. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Neonatologie und Pädiatrische Intensivmedizin ; JUN 17-19, 2010; Saarbrücken, GERMANY.


Bruggink, JL; Cioni, G; Einspieler, C; Maathuis, CG; Pascale, R; Bos, AF
Early motor repertoire is related to level of self-mobility in children with cerebral palsy at school age. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2009; 51(11): 878-885.

Bruggink, JL; Einspieler, C; Butcher, PR; Stremmelaar, EF; Prechtl, HF; Bos, AF
Quantitative aspects of the early motor repertoire in preterm infants: Do they predict minor neurological dysfunction at school age? Early Hum Dev. 2009; 85(1): 25-36.

Butcher, PR; van Braeckel, K; Bouma, A; Einspieler, C; Stremmelaar, EF; Bos, AF
The quality of preterm infants' spontaneous movements: an early indicator of intelligence and behaviour at school age. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2009; 50(8): 920-930.

Fjørtoft, T; Einspieler, C; Adde, L; Strand, LI
Inter-observer reliability of the Assessment of Motor Repertoire - 3 to 5 Months based on video recordings of infants. Early Hum Dev. 2009; 85(5): 297-302.

Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C; Oberle, A; Laccone, F; Prechtl, HF
Case report: Retracing atypical development: a preserved speech variant of Rett syndrome. J Autism Dev Disord. 2009; 39(6): 958-961.


Bruggink, JLM; Einspieler, C; Butcher, PR; Van Braeckel, KNJA; Prechtl, HFR; Bos, AF
The quality of the early motor repertoire in preterm infants predicts minor neurologic dysfunction at school age. J PEDIAT. 2008; 153(1): 32-39.

Einspieler, C
Early markers for unilateral spastic cerebral palsy in premature infants. Nat Clin Pract Neurol. 2008; 4(4):186-187

Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB; Kerr, AM; Prechtl, HFR
A possible association between genotypes and early signs of Rett disorder INT J DEV NEUROSCI. 2008; 26(8):867-867.-17th Biennial Meeting of the International-Society-for-Developmental-Neuroscience; JUN 01-05, 2008; Asilomar, CA.

Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB; Prechtl, HFR
Human motor behavior - Prenatal origin and early postnatal development Z PSYCHOL. 2008; 216(3): 147-153.

Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C; Oberle, A; Prechtl, HFR
Specific atypicality in preserved speech variant? INT J DEV NEUROSCI. 2008; 26(8):841-841.-17th Biennial Meeting of the International-Society-for-Developmental-Neuroscience; JUN 01-05, 2008; Asilomar, CA.

Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C; Strohmeier, A; Plienegger, J; Garzarolli, B; Prechtl, HF
From the reaching behavior at 5 months of age to hand preference at preschool age. Dev Psychobiol. 2008; 50(5): 511-518.

Mutlu, A; Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB; Livanelioglu, A
Intra-individual consistency in the quality of neonatal general movements. Neonatology. 2008; 93(3): 213-216.

Phagava, H; Muratori, F; Einspieler, C; Maestro, S; Apicella, F; Guzzetta, A; Prechtl, HF; Cioni, G
General movements in infants with autism spectrum disorders. Georgian Med News. 2008; 94(156):100-105


Einspieler, C; Marschik, PB; Milioti, S; Nakajima, Y; Bos, AF; Prechtl, HF
Are abnormal fidgety movements an early marker for complex minor neurological dysfunction at puberty? Early Hum Dev. 2007; 83(8): 521-525.

Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C; Garzarolli, B; Prechtl, HF
Events at early development: are they associated with early word production and neurodevelopmental abilities at the preschool age? Early Hum Dev. 2007; 83(2):107-114

Marschik, PB; Einspieler, C; Strohmeier, A; Garzarolli, B; Prechtl, HF
A longitudinal study on hand use while building a tower. Laterality. 2007; 12(4):356-363

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